Old Earth Ministries Online Earth History Curriculum
Presented by Old Earth Ministries (We Believe in an Old Earth...and God!)
This curriculum is presented free of charge for use by homeschooling families.
NOTE: If you found this page through a search engine, please visit the intro page first.
Chapter 13 - The Neogene Period
Lesson 62: The Neogene Period Overview
The Neogene is a
geologic period and system starting 23.03 ± 0.05 million years ago and
lasting either until today or ending 2.588 million years ago with the
beginning of the
Quaternary (more on this uncertainty below).
The Neogene Period follows the
Period of the
Era. Under the current proposal of the
International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS), the Neogene would
consist of the
Chapter 13: The Neogene Period
Neogene Fast Facts
Started: 23.03 Ma
Ended: 2.588 Ma
Duration: 20.442 Million Years
Preceded By: Paleogene Period
Followed By: Quaternary Period
The Neogene covers roughly 20.4 million years. During the Neogene mammals and birds evolved considerably. Most other forms were relatively unchanged. Some continental motion took place, the most significant event being the connection of North and South America in the late Pliocene. Climates cooled somewhat over the duration of the Neogene culminating in continental glaciations in the Quaternary period that follows.
The Neogene traditionally ended at the end of the Pliocene Epoch, just before the older definition of the beginning of the Quaternary Period. Many time scales show this division. However, there is a movement amongst geologists (particularly Neogene Marine Geologists) to also include ongoing geological time (Quaternary) in the Neogene, while others (particularly Quaternary Terrestrial Geologists) insist the Quaternary to be a separate period of distinctly different record. The somewhat confusing terminology and disagreement amongst geologists on where to draw what hierarchical boundaries, is due to the comparatively fine divisibility of time units as time approaches the present, and due to geological preservation that causes the youngest sedimentary geological record to be preserved over a much larger area and to reflect many more environments, than the older geological record. By dividing the Cenozoic Era into three (arguably two) periods (Paleogene, Neogene, Quaternary) instead of 7 epochs, the periods are more closely comparable to the duration of periods in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic eras.
For the purpose of this course, the Quaternary Period, which begins 2.588
Ma, will be regarded as distinct and separate from the Neogene. The
bulk of the information during the Neogene will be discussed in the chapters
on the individual epochs. In addition, the Grand Canyon, which is a
topic of great importance in the creation science debate, began forming
during the Neogene Period. The final chapter is devoted to this
End of Reading
Source: Neogene Period